146 FLORA INDICA.
The district of Bandelkhand, including the small state of
Kewah, which has the same physical features, occupies the
northern slope of the Vindhia range, from the borders of Ba-
har on the east to Gwalior en the west. The watershed of
that range is included within the province of Malvrah, but
long, flat-topped spurs descend towards the Jumna, separating
the broad valleys of numerous rivers which ilow northward.
A little east of Gwalior these spurs extend almost to the
Jumna, but further east they recede from the river, and, when
viewed from the northward, appear to form an amphitheatre
of precipices, so as to give the plain of Bandcikhand the ap-
pearance of a vast bay of the sea surrounded by sandstone
cliffs, which again advance almost to the river not far from
Mirzapur. Tho greatest width of the plain is about thirty
miles, and near the hills many scattered insulated rocks occur,
behind which the surface rises in a succession of steps, sepa-
rated by level platforms, to the height of 2000 feot, whence
it slopes gradually up to the watershed of the Nerbada, the
average elevation of which is perhaps 2500 feet.
The plain of Bandelkhand near the Jumna is fertile and
well cultivated, but the interior is generally barren, except in
the valleys. Many lakes, which are all partly artificial, diver-
sify the surface, and the hills are covered with low jungle.
Its seasons are those usual in northern India. The rains
commence in June and terminate in September, but, from
the central position of the province, they ata less heavy than
in Malwah. The dry season is intensely hot, and there is,a
well marked cold season.
For our knowledge of the vegetation, of Bandcikhand, wo
are mainly indebted to Mr. Bdgeworth, who has published* a
catalogue of the plants of the district of Banda. He enume-
rates 605 species of phsenogamous plants; few of these differ
from those common in the Dekhan and Gangetic plain, and
the hill species are mostly common in the subtropical Hima-
* In the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta.